India's Electric Future
India is electrifying its vehicles, but is it enough to reach 30% penetration by 2030? Deep dive into what really needs to be done to help India become a 'true' EV nation.
If charging infrastructure and localisation of lithium-ion cells are two of the most pressing concerns for the EV industry currently, changes in certifications, caused by constant upgradation in technology, is also turning into a hindrance. For many concerned stakeholders, especially startups, keeping up with multiple certifications and recertifications can not only be time-consuming, but it can also burn a hole in their pockets.
Take, for instance, testing a bus battery pack of 200 kWh, which roughly costs as much as $40K-50K today. Now imagine if destructive testing was done on this pack, post which it becomes completely unusable, that’s a lot of money down the drain for the battery company or the bus maker.
For the uninitiated, homologation, also called certification, is the approval needed for any vehicle before it goes into the market. This is mainly done to ensure vehicle safety and to keep a check on the emissions. And, whenever a new product or a new vehicle component is introduced a company has to go for recertification. Additionally, if there is a policy change, for instance, the introduction of FAME 2 and the push for localisation, the startup has to go for approvals.
“The amount of money we are spending on certifications and homologation of the same vehicle with either different batteries or different motors is unjustifiably large. Every time we have to spend close to INR 20 Lakh to get one vehicle fame approved,” said Sulajja Firodia Motwani, founder and CEO of Kinetic Green Energy & Power Solutions Limited.