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India’s EV Industry Caught In A Maze Of Certifications

India’s EV Industry Caught In A Maze Of Certifications

The homologation process for EV includes component approval, component fitting and whole vehicle type approval

The need for frequent and multiple certifications with product launch and change in government policy is becoming a hurdle for EV startups

Money spent for homologation ranges between INR 3 Lakh to INR 25 Lakh and this has to be repeated for every component or if there is a policy change

If charging infrastructure and localisation of lithium-ion cells are two of the most pressing concerns for the EV industry currently, changes in certifications, caused by constant upgradation in technology, is also turning into a hindrance. For many concerned stakeholders, especially startups, keeping up with multiple certifications and recertifications can not only be time-consuming, but it can also burn a hole in their pockets.

Take, for instance, testing a bus battery pack of 200 kWh, which roughly costs as much as $40K-50K today. Now imagine if destructive testing was done on this pack, post which it becomes completely unusable, that’s a lot of money down the drain for the battery company or the bus maker.

For the uninitiated, homologation, also called certification, is the approval needed for any vehicle before it goes into the market. This is mainly done to ensure vehicle safety and to keep a check on the emissions. And, whenever a new product or a new vehicle component is introduced a company has to go for recertification. Additionally, if there is a policy change, for instance, the introduction of FAME 2 and the push for localisation, the startup has to go for approvals.

“The amount of money we are spending on certifications and homologation of the same vehicle with either different batteries or different motors is unjustifiably large. Every time we have to spend close to INR 20 Lakh to get one vehicle fame approved,” said Sulajja Firodia Motwani, founder and CEO of Kinetic Green Energy & Power Solutions Limited.