Mumbai-based fintech company Fino Payments Bank has received market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (SEBI) nod for its initial public offering (IPO). The four-year-old payments bank is looking to raise INR 1,300 Cr through its initial public offering.
The fintech bank, which filed preliminary IPO papers with SEBI in the last week of July, obtained its observations on October 1, according to the SEBI website. SEBI’s observations are necessary for any company to launch public issues like IPO, follow-on public offer (FPO) and rights issue.
Investment bankers appointed to the issue are Axis Capital Ltd, CLSA India Pvt Ltd, ICICI Securities Ltd and Nomura Financial Advisory Services Pvt Ltd.
Founded in 2007, Fino PayTech received the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) approval to set up a payments bank in September 2015. The payments bank’s operations started operations in June 2017 and it competes with Paytm Payments Bank, Airtel Payments Bank, Jio Payments Bank, among others.
According to the draft red herring prospectus (DRHP), it will utilise the net proceeds from the fresh issue towards technology and digital initiatives.
Fino claims its focus on technology throughout the banking and financial services chain is a significant factor in improving its operating performance, as it allows the company to have high gross margins and reduce variable costs.
FPBL is a scheduled commercial bank serving the emerging Indian market with its digital financial services. The company is a fully owned subsidiary of Fino Paytech Limited (FPL), which is backed by marquee investors like Blackstone Group, ICICI Group, Bharat Petroleum, Mauritius-based Headland Asian Ventures Fund 3 Ltd (HAV 3 Holdings), and World Bank arm — International Finance Corporation (IFC), amongst others.
Fino Through The Years
Other fintech peers like Paytm, PolicyBazaar and MobiKwik have also filed their DRHP and are awaiting the SEBI nod.
Fino turned operationally profitable in the fourth quarter of FY20 and has remained profitable since. In FY21, it reported a profit of INR 20.4 Cr. However, on an accumulated basis, it is yet to turn profitable as it has been carrying forward losses from its initial days.
The payments bank reported a 14% growth in total income in FY21 at INR 791 Cr compared to INR 691 Cr in the year-ago. This growth was led by 11% increase in commission, exchange and brokerage from transactions across micro-ATMs, AePS, CMS and current and savings accounts (CASA).
Compared to FY20, the bank’s total deposits have grown nearly 2x in 2021 to INR 125 Cr from INR 69 Cr. It has a total deposit of INR 242 Cr as of March 31, 2021, with total borrowings worth INR 180 Cr.
In FY21, Fino processed and facilitated more than 434 Mn transactions having a gross transaction value of INR 1.32 Lakh Cr. The bank said it has the largest network of micro ATMs as of March 2021, with a market share of 55% along with a network of 6.4 Lakh merchants and 25.7 Lakh accounts.
Payments banks have been around in the Indian market for years, but only in recent times have they become more relevant stakeholders in the fintech ecosystem. In April, the RBI announced that payments banks will be allowed to enhance the limit of maximum balance at the end of the day from INR 1 lakh to INR 2 lakh per individual customer.
The decision was taken based on a review of the performance of such banks and to encourage their efforts for financial inclusion and to expand their ability to cater to the needs of their customers, including MSMEs, small traders and merchants. However, a key banking use case for lending is still out of reach for payments banks.