Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Capital Call

Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Capital Call

Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Capital Call

In private equity and VC, a capital call prompts investors to commit funds, allowing fund managers access to specific needs.

What Is A Capital Call In PE & VC Funds?

In private equity and venture capital funds, a capital call is a request for investors to contribute the capital they have committed to the fund. It is a mechanism used by investment fund managers to access the capital needed for specific purposes, such as making new investments, covering operating expenses, or meeting financial obligations. Capital calls are a fundamental part of any fund’s financing structure. Such calls ensure that the fund has access to the necessary funds when required.

It happens when an investor in a fund is asked for extra money to fund a specific investment opportunity. For instance, if a fund manager needs an amount for a good deal, they’ll send a notice to all investors, including you, asking for your share. Once everyone pays, the fund uses the money for that investment. Capital calls help funds seize opportunities by gathering the necessary cash from investors when needed.

Who Makes A Capital Call?

It is typically initiated by the fund manager or the management team responsible for overseeing and operating the investment fund. This entity identifies the need for additional funds to pursue specific investment opportunities or to meet the ongoing financial obligations of the fund.

The fund manager sends out formal notices to all investors requesting their contributions as part of the capital call process.

What Is A Capital Call On Shareholders?

A capital call on shareholders is a request made by a company to its existing shareholders to provide additional capital or funds to meet specific financial needs or to support the company’s growth or operations.

This can be a common practice in closely held corporations or startups when they require additional investment from their existing equity holders to continue operations or finance expansion.

Why Do Fund Managers Make Capital Calls?

Capital calls are made for various reasons, including:

  • Investment Opportunities: To seize promising investment opportunities that require additional funding beyond the initial commitments from investors. This allows the fund to capitalise on potentially lucrative deals or ventures.
  • Fulfilling Commitments: To meet the financial commitments or obligations of the fund, such as funding an acquisition, expansion, or other strategic initiatives outlined in the fund’s investment strategy.
  • Operational Needs: To cover operational expenses or unexpected costs related to managing the fund’s portfolio, conducting due diligence, hiring talent, or other ongoing operational requirements.
  • Maintaining Liquidity: Ensuring the fund has adequate liquidity to respond quickly to market conditions or opportunities that arise, allowing flexibility in deploying capital efficiently.
  • Portfolio Diversification: Facilitating diversification by allowing the fund to invest in a wider range of assets or ventures that align with its investment objectives, strategy, or market conditions.

 What Are Capital Call Lines?

Capital call lines, often referred to as subscription lines of credit or capital commitment facilities, are credit facilities provided by banks or financial institutions to investment funds. These lines of credit allow the fund to cover capital calls to investors promptly.

The fund can draw on the line of credit to meet short-term capital requirements and later repay the bank once it receives the committed capital from investors.