In the payments ecosystem, fintech is taking over the traditional channels, with increased adoption of digital payments owing to the Covid-19 pandemic. In line with the transformation, like every month, the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has come out with its UPI and other digital payment figures for September 2021.
In September 2021, 3.65 Bn transactions worth INR 6,54,351 Cr were recorded.
Compared to almost 10% month on month growth in transaction volume and 5.4% month on month growth in transaction value in August, NPCI reported just 2.8% growth in transaction volume and 2.3% growth in value respectively during September.
With its focus on digitising the cash-based economy, the government and the Reserve Bank of India launched the UPI through the NPCI in August 2016. But it struggled with adoption, especially on the person-to-merchant payments (P2M) even if person-to-person (P2P) payments caught on.
Cut to March 2021, UPI reported its best-ever figures (until then) with 2.73 Bn transactions (20% month on month growth) amounting to INR 5.04 Lakh Cr. From March 2021 to September 2021, UPI transactions have increased by 50%, posing a threat to the traditional cash and card payments industry.
Major UPI players in India are PhonePe, IPO-bound Paytm, Google Pay and while WhatsApp Pay has made a late entry to the party, it is yet to report significant transaction volumes. While NPCI has not yet released the app-wise transaction data for September 2021, a look at August transactions reveals that PhonePe continued to dominate transactions — almost half the market size at 47% followed by Google Pay at 35%.
The current numbers come shortly after Union Minister of Commerce & Industry Piyush Goyal, addressing the 2nd Global Fintech Fest stated that at 87%, India has the highest financial technological (fintech) adoption rate in the world against the global average of 64%.
Goyal stated that the UPI banking interface recorded 3.6 Bn transactions in August 2021, the highest-ever so far (the present numbers beat the existing record). He also added that over 2 Tn transactions were processed using the AePS (Aadhar-enabled payment system) in FY20.
In September alone, NPCI reported that 90.93 Mn AePS transactions were processed at INR 23,292 Cr valuation — a 16% decline from August 2021, where 108.48 Mn transactions worth INR 27,353 Cr were recorded.
Other transactional values reported by NPCI for September 2021 include FASTag, an electronic toll collection system run by NHAI, and interbank Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) numbers, and respective month-on-month growth/decline.
NPCI reported 193 Mn FASTag transactions worth INR 3,009 Cr (a 2.17% decline from August), where 384 Mn AePS transactions were recorded worth INR 3.24 Lakh Cr (a 1.85% rise from August).