The future of the world is in automation. Thanks to machine learning and artificial intelligence, we are now able to decipher information and act on them faster than ever before. But fast is a relative term, and in the tech industry , the goal is always to be faster.\r\n\r\nThe fourth industrial revolution, which is currently underway, is being led by connected devices or the internet of things (IoT). But within this larger trend, new technologies are being born which seek to improve the way information is processed at a micro level. \r\n\r\nEnter edge computing. Edge computing is decentralised processing of data at or near the source of the data, instead of relying on the cloud located at one of the dozen data centres to do all the work.\r\n\u00a0In Edge computing, the cloud comes to you. \r\nEdge computing helps businesses by reducing the turnaround time for your data queries. It\u2019s most critical in applications where data needs to be processed in near real-time. For instance, If you are driving a Tesla in driverless mode, latency of any kind in processing the data from the computers and sensors on board could prove fatal. In this situation, it is better for the data to be stored and processed on-device, i.e by the in-car computers rather than sending the data to the cloud and getting a server response. \r\n\r\nEdge computing has been a game changer for the IoT category, but is also being used to improve robotics technology and AI processing . \r\n\r\nWith such great prospects, it\u2019s no wonder that our conversation with Sunil Goyal from early stage venture fund \u2014 YourNest Venture Capital, was dominated by edge computing and its potential.. \r\n\r\nFounded in 2012, YourNest invests in startups using technologies such as IoT, robotics, with an emphasis on edge computing. \r\n\r\nYourNest MD Goyal had earlier spent extensive part of his career at Bharti Airtel where he spent more than seven years growing the company\u2019s market share in revenue. Goyal strongly believes that investors can use the India opportunity to promote upcoming technological trends and make big bucks in the process. \r\n\r\n\u201cWhen I was at Airtel, Warburg Pincus came and invested in Airtel in 2002 and then by early 2005 they got four times the return when they exited for $1.3 Bn, in less than 3 years. Of this amount, not a single penny was made by an Indian investor. Even in the Walmart-Flipkart deal, while some Indian investors money have got returns, however, international players have made a killing,\u201d said Goyal. \u00a0\r\n\r\nGoyal lamented the fact that Indian investors have not identified the growth opportunities in new-age technology. That doesn\u2019t mean Goyal and YourNest have been edge computing focussed from the very beginning; in fact the fund announced its new focus on edge computing rather recently.\r\n\r\nGoyal said the focus has changed because the market is ready. \u201cWhen we started the fund in 2012 one of the things we realised early on was that India is no more about just tech services, but it is now ready to take off and become a product nation. So, our journey was about identifying product companies whether it is SaaS or IoT or robotics.\u201d \r\n\r\nEdge computing as an area of interest for investments is also in line with YourNest Venture Capital\u2019s focus from the very beginning on enabling faster decision-making processes, and it\u2019s one of the main reasons the fund has been consistently keeping an eye on the AI and IoT segment. \r\n\r\nYourNest is in the final stages of closing a INR 300 Cr (about $43 Mn) second fund, which was announced in 2016. \u00a0The fund has a greenshoe option of INR 150 Cr ($25.5 Mn). YourNest had earlier raised INR 90 Cr ($12.9 Mn) for its first fund, which is invested in a slew of startups in India.\r\n\r\nFrom its kitty, YourNest Venture Capital usually invests in the range of INR 4 Cr (about $575K) - INR 6 Cr (roughly $860K) and in Pre Series A rounds. \r\n\r\nSome of its previous investments include Arya.ai, an AI startup building Artificial General Intelligence and Rubique, an online \u2018one-stop-shop\u2019 marketplace for multiple financial products. \r\n\r\nYourNest has also invested in Simpli5d, the company behind NLPCaptcha , Uniphore, speech and data software provider, Lavelle Networks, a software defined networking platform and emotix, which claims to be India\u2019s first social robotics startup. \r\n\r\nAccording to CB Insights, the global edge computing market is expected to hit $6.5 Bn by 2022, growing at a rate of 41%. Our conversation with Goyal covered edge computing use cases in India, and the delay in raising their second fund. What did it take to convince investors to come on board to invest in a technology that isn\u2019t easily understood.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nHere are excerpts from Inc42\u2019s Moneyball chat with Sunil Goyal, Managing Director at YourNest Venture Capital. \r\n\r\nInc42: What are some of the immediate problems that edge computing can solve?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: Where the stakes are of life and death\u2026where high-pressure decision making is involved. We have a company called CRON Systems which helps detect any kind of intrusion on India\u2019s international borders, and figuring out if the intrusion is caused by an animal or human. \r\n\r\nOther use cases include autonomous vehicles and healthcare software installed on wearable devices. For instance, instead of waiting for the medical data to be analysed by a doctor or a diagnostic cloud, if it is alarming scenario, the medical decision be taken much sooner.\r\n\r\nInc42: Is this a major area of concern in India yet, or are you focussing more on markets abroad?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: When we are investing behind IP-led companies, we are aware that each of these companies will have a global market as their customers. We are not talking about 60-70% of revenue; we see more than80% of revenues coming from foreign markets. For example, Uniphore, which makes service automation tools, earlier had 100% of its revenue coming from India and in 2018, it had 40% of revenue coming from Southeast Asia and in 2019 it is expected to have 80% of its revenue coming from international markets \u2014 \u00a0with roughly 40% from the US, 40% from Southeast Asia \u2014 and the rest from India. \r\n\r\nSimilarly for Kaha, which is an IoT platform, 90% of the revenue in 2018 came from India, but next year the prediction is that 60% of the revenue will come from the international markets. \r\n\r\nInc42: Would you say the Indian market is your secondary focus, then?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: \u00a0In the US if you have a unique solution, the customer base is just huge, the top 200 companies in India which have over $10 Bn in market cap have peers in the US who are valued at over $500 Bn. The US market is huge \u2014 \u00a025 times bigger and customers are paying a premium for high-quality service. \r\n\r\nOur starting point is always going to be India. For example, ICICI has said that the entire automation for their claim processing and for underwriting is being done by Arya.ai, which is our portfolio startup. \r\n\r\nWe have also invested in a startup that creates virtual reality SaaS product whose target audience are architects and the first 100 will come from India.\r\n\r\nInc42: Why the delay in getting to the second fund?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: We are three people who were outsiders in the venture capital industry. We are not an offshoot of any VC firm and what we have learnt is through our experience when we used to do angel investing and the rest is learning on the job. \r\n\r\nWe had decided early on to not focus on the market share of investment but on the market share of the return and hence go after investments where we build and not just count investments. \r\n\r\nThus the first fund has had one of the least mortality when compared with other funds, and could give 5x for investors. Now we are in a much better position. \r\n\r\nInc42: During this time did you feel any pressure from your peers who were raising funds around you?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: One of the biggest gaps, when you meet entrepreneurs, is lack of focus. There is an opportunity in everything, and maybe because in the past we had a resource crunch, we now go after everything that is attractive.\r\n\r\nWe will not deviate to become into an incubator, accelerator or get involved in Series A or Series B. Staying focused means you cannot do multiple things at the same time. You cannot launch a fund, deploy quickly, and raise the second fund quickly.\r\n\r\nPatience, conviction and focus are what we go by.\r\n\r\nInc42: How much do you typically invest in startups?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: We invest in the Pre Series rounds and typically invest between INR 4 Cr (about $575K) \u2014 INR 6 Cr (approximately $860K). For the second fund, we are keeping two rupees back whenever we invest a rupee in a startup on an average for follow on investments.\r\n\r\nInc42: You have not made any exits. Are any happening soon?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: The average age of our portfolio companies is three and a half years. There are a \u00a0good two years before we think of making any exit.\r\n\r\nInc42: Can edge computing eat into the cloud business?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: Cloud will continue to grow and edge computing will not eat into it but will be a complimentary service. The chipsets these days now have the capability of helping with ultra-fast decision making and thus edge computing will see a manifold growth.\r\n\r\nInc42: Could you tell us about the composition of investors in your fund?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: The Electronic Development Fund managed by Canbank Ventures and the Fund of Funds managed by SIDBI are the lead investors in our fund. While the Electronic Development Fund is the anchor investor. We also have family offices who are investors in our fund. \r\n\r\nInc42: When it comes to HNIs or family funds, how do you convince them to invest in startups that are engaged in providing deeptech\u00a0solutions such as edge computing?\r\n\r\nSunil Goyal: One person managing a family office fund told me that he had invested in a deeptech startup in China around 7-8 years ago and today he is bound to make 15x return in dollar terms. There are family offices who are seeing these kinds of obnoxious returns from other markets and now they are developing their capital towards India. \r\n\r\nThe toughest task is educating them so that they comprehend what this asset class is especially considering the money remains illiquid, which is to say that the money comes back to them after we sell the underlying company which takes 5-6 years. These investors traditionally have seen regular returns in one form or the other. \r\n\r\nMost of the family offices have seen lack of corporate governance among the entrepreneur community and hence for them to trust the money to a fund which in turn is investing in entrepreneurs, requires good faith to be built.\r\n\r\nIt is easier for us to go to international markets where endowment funds, family offices are more receptive because they have seen it happening around them.\r\n\r\nWe had 140 individual investors in the first fund and 60 individual investors in the second fund\u2026 We believe this investor education will help us develop the domestic pool of capital for our entrepreneurs.\r\n\r\nEditor\u2019s note: This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.\r\n\r\nThis article is part of Inc42\u2019s Moneyball series in which we bring you up close and personal with the pioneers of the investment world. Dive in to find out about what excites investors, their views on the latest technology and investment trends, and what the future looks like from their point of view! Explore other Moneyball series stories here.