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How UPI Is Leading India On Its Way To Financial Inclusion

How UPI Is Leading India On Its Way To Financial Inclusion

India has seen a tremendous rise in Fintech adoption in the last few years

UPI saw a 7x growth in 2018

First six months of FY 2018-19 saw 11.8 Bn digital transactions

Have you recently stopped and taken a moment to appreciate how you’re able to pay for the chai you drink, by simply scanning a QR code? Have you thought about how simple it is to make a payment at your local grocery store using Google Pay?

No? Maybe you should.

For a long time, India and its citizens have remained sceptical about evolving along with the pace that technology has set. Was it the fear of exploring what’s new? The fear of getting out of the comfort zone? Maybe. But in recent years, the country has embraced change, and it has brought so much advancement in terms of how payments are simplified.

Gone are those days where you always have to carry cash in your wallet. Gone are those days where you need to quarrel with vendors for not rendering a change to you. India has embarked upon a new era – the era of rising Fintech.

India has seen a tremendous rise in fintech adoption in the last few years with a growing demand for non-cash transactions. Keeping in mind the demand, NASSCOM predicts the Indian fintech software market alone to double itself and reach $2.4 Bn by 2020.

Necessity Is The Mother Of Invention

India being a developing country, encourages innovation. The country sees growing customer demand for digital payments, but regulatory and operational complexities persist.

Digital transactions are expected to surpass cash transactions by 2023. This demand has created the need for a new ecosystem for digital payments, banks, and fintech platforms to join forces and innovate.

UPI: India’s Mega Gamechanger

We all use Google Pay, PhonePe, BHIM, and other apps every day. But do we really know what an impact these apps have made on the Indian digital payments landscape?

In all these years, if we were to choose one Fintech innovation that has completely revolutionized how payments work, it has to be UPI – an instant, real-time payment system developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) that facilitates inter-bank transactions.

Everybody warmly welcomed UPI because it gave a glimpse of how easy and instantaneous payments can be. It saw a 7x growth in 2018, while Google Pay became the king of UPI apps and reigned, dethroning all other UPI apps including BHIM, PhonePe and Paytm. Also, recently in February 2019, UPI has clocked in 674.19 Mn transactions.

From being a wallet killer, UPI has also made its way to steal the market share from net banking. It has transformed into a merchant first payment (P2M) platform, from being a P2P payment mode in 2017.

How India Transacts Digitally?

Now, India has embraced the digital epoch to an exponential level. The first six months of FY 2018-19 saw 11.8 Bn digital transactions, only coursing through to burst forth.

Let’s understand how consumers and businesses in India transact.

Consumers (P2P)

  • Indian consumers prefer cards (60%) and UPI (22%) over net banking (17%) for online P2P transactions
  • Travel booking is the most frequent online activity contributing 42% to overall online transactions
  • Bill payments and ecommerce are up next, adding about 17% and 16% each, respectively
  • The advent of UPI resulted in the downturn of wallets from 6% in FY 2017-18 to 1.5% in FY 2018-2019
  • Consumers prefer Google Pay in terms of value and volume of transactions with a share of 54%, over PhonePe (11.9%), Paytm (9.7%), Whatsapp (8.5%) and BHIM (4.1%) for UPI transactions

Businesses (P2M)

 There has been a noteworthy change in the mindset of Indian businesses in terms of FinTech adoption.

  • Cards contributed to 56.48% of total P2M transactions, followed by Net Banking (23.8%), UPI (17%), and wallet (1.87%), thereby significantly reducing dependency on cash.
  • Travel, utilities, and ecommerce were the top growth sectors in 2018, with the utility sector contributing 17%, up from 2.4% in 2017.
  • There have been an increase in the use of PoS (point of sale) machines as the government, and retail companies are pushing for fewer cash payments.

What India Can Expect In 2020 And Beyond

 With 2019 already going full speed ahead, we can foresee digital transactions in India accelerating at70% CAGR through to 2020, contributing to the GDP by 15%.

Implementation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Indian digital transaction landscape will result in more convenience and security, ensuring real-time fraud prevention.

We will also see an increase in the mobile payment volume by a tenfold by 2020. We believe 50% of Internet users will begin to use digital payments by 2022.

With more and more Fintech firms breaking new ground through their powerful, cutting-edge technology, India has disruptive potential in the finance sector, resulting in a record-breaking number of digital transactions as merchants and consumers both embrace the ease of digital payments.

 All findings in this article are based on transactions held on Razorpay platform from January 2018 to March 2019.

Note: The views and opinions expressed are solely those of the author and does not necessarily reflect the views held by Inc42, its creators or employees. Inc42 is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the information supplied by guest bloggers.

Author

Harshil Mathur

Community
CEO and Cofounder at Razorpay

He is the CEO and co-founder of Razorpay and the company’s mission is to simplify payments. The company started in early 2014 and is one of the fastest growing payment companies.

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