Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Payment Gateway

Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Payment Gateway

Wibmo’s Payment Gateway Solution To Aid Digital Distribution Of Banks, Financial Firms

A payment gateway securely manages online transactions, encrypting and processing electronic payments between merchants and customers.

What Is A Payment Gateway?

Payment gateway is a technology service that acts as an intermediary between merchants (sellers) and customers during online transactions. It securely authorises and facilitates the processing of electronic payments, encrypting sensitive information such as credit/debit card details or digital wallet credentials to ensure secure transmission.

What Are Some Of The Examples In India?

India boasts of several notable providers, including Paytm, Razorpay, Instamojo, PayU, Bill Desk, JusPay, AirPay and CCAvenue, which offer a range of services to facilitate online transactions for businesses and consumers.

How Many Types Of Payment Gateways Are There?

It can be broadly categorised into two types: 

  • Hosted Payment Gateways: They redirect customers to a third-party platform for payment processing.
  • Integrated Payment Gateways:  They allow merchants to process payments directly on their websites or applications without redirection.

How Does It Work?

When a customer initiates an online transaction by entering payment information on a merchant’s website, the payment gateway securely encrypts this data and transmits it to the acquiring bank.

The acquiring bank then forwards the transaction request to the respective card network (like Visa or Mastercard). Upon approval or denial of the transaction by the card network, a response is sent back through the payment gateway to the merchant and customer, finalising the transaction.

What Are The Limitations of Payment Gateways?

  • Security Concerns: They are susceptible to security breaches and cyber threats, leading to potential data breaches or fraudulent activities.
  • Transaction Fees: They often charge transaction fees, which can affect profit margins for businesses, particularly smaller ones.
  • Technical Issues: Connectivity issues, system downtimes, or integration complexities can impact their smooth functioning.

What Is The Importance Of  It?

They play a vital role in enabling secure, efficient, and seamless online transactions, fostering trust between merchants and customers. They facilitate diverse payment methods, support global transactions, and streamline the checkout process, contributing significantly to the growth of ecommerce and online businesses.

What Is The Difference Between Payment Gateways And Payment Processors?

They act as a conduit between merchants and banks, facilitating the authorisation and processing of transactions. Meanwhile, payment processors encompass a broader scope, including payment gateways, and manage the entire transaction process, including settlement, reconciliation, and handling anti-fraud measures. 

Payment processors encompass a wider array of services beyond payment gateways, incorporating end-to-end transaction management.