Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Accredited Investors

Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Accredited Investors

An accredited investor is an individual or entity that satisfies specific financial criteria established by securities regulations

What Is An Accredited Investor?

An accredited investor is an individual or entity that meets certain financial criteria and is allowed, under securities regulations, to invest in private securities offerings that are not registered with regulatory authorities. 

These criteria are put in place to ensure that they have a level of financial sophistication and the ability to bear the risks associated with investing in unregistered securities. 

They have access to a wider range of investment opportunities, including hedge funds, private equity, venture capital and other private placements.

How Do You Qualify As An Accredited Investor?

The requirements set by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) aim to ensure that they are financially stable and possess the necessary experience to make informed investment decisions, especially in the context of unregistered investments.

Net Worth Requirement For Business Entities: Business entities seeking accredited investor status in India must have a minimum net worth of INR 25 Cr. This threshold is indicative of their financial stability and capacity to bear the risks associated with unregistered securities.

Liquid Worth And Income For Individuals: Individuals aiming to be considered accredited investors must meet specific financial criteria. They should have a liquid net worth of INR 5 Cr and a total annual gross income of INR 50 Lakh. This demonstrates their financial capability and willingness to take on higher-risk investments.

Adherence To Financial Stability Requirements: One of the primary considerations for accredited investor status in India is financial stability. Entities and individuals should be financially capable of absorbing potential losses associated with unregistered investments.

Experience And Profitable Portfolio: As per SEBI guidelines, they should have some years of experience in financial markets and investments. This experience, along with a profitable investment portfolio, ensures that they are well-informed and experienced in making investment decisions.

Who Is An Accredited Investor In India?

Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs): These are institutional investors like mutual funds, banks, financial institutions, insurance companies, and foreign institutional investors (FIIs). They are considered accredited investors and can invest in securities that may not be available to retail investors.

High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs): While there isn’t a strict definition of HNIs in India, it usually refers to individuals with significant wealth or financial assets. HNIs are often approached by companies for private placements and other investment opportunities.

Angel Investors & Venture Capitalists: Individuals or entities that invest in startups and early-stage companies are often considered accredited investors in the Indian context. They typically have a higher risk tolerance and a track record of investing in high-risk, high-reward ventures.

It’s important to note that the regulations around them in India can vary depending on the specific investment vehicle and the regulatory authority involved. SEBI plays a significant role in regulating and defining the rules for them in India.

Who Does SEBI Certify As An Accredited Investor? 

SEBI has defined certain categories for them in the context of alternative investment funds (AIFs). As per SEBI, accredited investors include:

Institutional Investors: This category includes entities like banks, financial institutions, foreign institutional investors (FIIs), and other institutional investors as defined by the market regulator.

Family Offices: Family offices that meet specific criteria and are registered with SEBI are considered accredited investors.

High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs): SEBI defines HNIs as individuals with a net worth exceeding INR 2 Cr or those who have an annual income of at least INR 1 Cr.

Trusts: Certain trusts that meet the prescribed criteria are eligible to be called accredited investors.

Registered AIFs: Other AIFs that are registered with SEBI also qualify as accredited investors.

What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Being An Accredited Investor?


Access To Exclusive Investments: Accredited investors get the opportunity to invest in private placements, venture capital, private equity, hedge funds, and other alternative investments that are not available to the general public. These investments may offer higher potential returns.

Diversification: By having access to a wider range of investment options, accredited investors can diversify their portfolios more effectively, which can help manage risk.

Potential For High Returns: Many alternative investments are designed to provide higher returns, which can be appealing to investors seeking above-average growth in their portfolios.

Greater Control: Accredited investors often have more control over their investment choices, as they can directly invest in specific opportunities or work with private investment managers.

Networking Opportunities: Participation in exclusive investment opportunities can lead to valuable networking opportunities and connections within the financial and business world.


Higher Risk: Many alternative investments available to accredited investors are inherently riskier than traditional investments. The potential for higher returns often comes with a higher risk of loss.

Lack of Liquidity: Investments in private placements and other alternative assets can be illiquid, meaning that it may be challenging to access your money when you need it.

Limited Regulation: Some alternative investments have fewer regulatory protections, which can expose investors to a greater risk of mismanagement and fraud.

Complexity: Alternative investments can be complex and require a deeper understanding of the investment vehicle and its associated risks.

High Investment Minimums: Many exclusive investment opportunities have high minimum investment requirements, making them inaccessible to some accredited investors.

Lock-Up Periods: Private equity and venture capital investments often come with long lock-up periods, during which investors cannot access their capital.