As the government continues to call for traceability of social media platforms, now it looks all set to bring changes to Information Technology (IT) rules in India. Following the changes, social media and other internet-based companies will be left with no option but to provide traceability of those posting information on their platforms to the government.
According to an ET report, in addition to providing the traceability information, IT intermediaries such as Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Google, TikTok, among others will have to remove malicious content within 24 hours upon receiving a court order, or in a notification by the government.
While addressing the Rajya Sabha, Union Minister of State for Communications, Electronics and Information Technology, Sanjay Dhotre, said that the changes for bringing traceability are being made as part of amendments to the Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules, 2011. Further, the changes will be notified under Section 79 of the IT Act.
As part of the amendment, social media and internet companies also have to periodically inform their users for compliance of updated rules. Interestingly, under the new norms, the government also wants to know about the traceability of the originator of information from these companies.
The minister said that this long-pending demand of the government is aimed to know the original source behind any malicious and illegal content.
How Are Social Media Giants Responding?
This is not the first time when the government is planning to introduce laws to improve the traceability of the content over social media. However, social media majors especially Facebook and its other company, WhatsApp, have always remained an adversary of this move.
WhatsApp had continuously opposed such a tracking mechanism as it said that it would infringe on the privacy of its users. The company has also emphasised that it would have to change its entire architecture to embed elements to trace messages and it would also undermine the company’s policy on privacy and end-to-end encryption.
Nick Clegg, Facebook’s vice president for global affairs and communication had earlier suggested the use of metadata and machine intelligence to identify sources. Using such technologies, Facebook can offer government with basic details such as call duration among others to “lawfully” identify the users. The VP even offered to harness WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook linkages to help law enforcement agencies.
However, the government refused to accept it and has stuck to its complete traceability demand.