India’s digital economy has flourished over the past few years, and arguably, nothing has been more indispensable to this success than UPI, a critical piece of the so-called India Stack. Over the past couple of years, NPCI’s flagship product has expanded overseas, but the feature phone support for UPI announced this past week could be more critical to UPI’s growth story well as financial inclusion and digital penetration.
We dive into this and other happenings from the past week. Here are two stories for a start:
- 🗣️Game Of Investments: Deepinder Goyal’s statement claimed there’s no conflict of interest between his and Zomato’s investment in Shiprocket? But is that the full picture?
- 🛸5G On Wings! Jio has conducted trials of its 5G-powered drone network which will be used for various commercial and public service applications
🚀UPI Gets A Booster Shot
Launched in 2016, UPI has not only penetrated deep into India thanks to the ease of use and the interoperability between apps to a certain extent. Now, the next step is to go beyond the smartphone user base to less sophisticated feature phones.
🏁Beyond The $100 Bn Mark: As per the latest NPCI data for November 2021, UPI transactions crossed the $100 Bn value mark for the first time. 418 Cr transactions worth INR 7.68 Lakh Cr (approx $102.4 Bn) in November, which is slightly lower than the October 2021’s 421 Cr transactions.
More importantly, it will not only boost financial inclusion among the non-smartphone user base, but also allows startups to attract new users over time and take UPI to the next level.
🏧UPI Wallets & More: While further details are awaited on the feature phone support for UPI, the RBI did mention there will be complementary solutions such as UPI-based wallets along with payments on feature phones. The RBI said that as per transaction data analysis, half of the UPI transactions were for amounts under INR 200.
The wallet is envisioned to increase the adoption and boost the success rate of low-value UPI transactions that otherwise utilise network bandwidth.
⏱️Transaction Share Deadline Coming: While UPI on feature phones will undoubtedly be a big shot in the arm for the most used digital payments mode in India, there is one threat on the horizon.
There’s just one year to go for NPCI’s deadline on the third-party app providers (TPAP) transaction share cap. Apps such as Google Pay, PhonePe, Paytm and others cannot process more than 30% of the total volume of transactions under the terms.
PhonePe is the one app that will need to make the most significant changes. The Flipkart-backed payments app currently owns 45.65% of the UPI payments share, while Google Pay has a 34.58% share. They have until December 2023 to meet the threshold set by the NPCI.
👻The WhatsApp Threat: In November, PhonePe led the UPI numbers with 191 Cr transactions worth INR 3.65 Lakh Cr. Google Pay was in second with 145 Cr transactions worth INR 2.87 Lakh Cr. These were followed by Paytm (543 Mn transactions), Amazon Pay (71 Mn transactions), while WhatsApp only processed 2.6 Mn transactions.
Recently, Meta-owned WhatsApp was permitted to onboard up to 40 Mn users, but it is said to have only 2 Mn users currently. That could well change if WhatsApp leverages its recent Uber and JioMart integrations to market its payments service.
Tracking Startup IPOs & Tech Stocks 📈
- RateGain’s IPO came to an end this week and the travel tech company saw 17x subscriptions. The listing is expected on December 17, 2021.
- MapmyIndia is still in the midst of its IPO as the subscription window closes on Monday, December 13. The company has seen 6.16-times subscription over the first two days.
- Meanwhile, a Delhi chemists body has objected to healthtech unicorn PharmEasy’s public listing bid and sought the rejection of its DRHP.
Here’s how the listed Indian tech companies did this week:
💰The Indian Startup Funding Counter
- India’s 4th Healthtech Unicorn: First reported by Inc42, Gurugram-based Pristyn Care became India’s fourth healthtech unicorn and 40th startup to enter the unicorn club in 2021, having raised funds from Sequoia and others.
- A Jump: After a sedate start to December, the Indian startup ecosystem regained momentum with $908 Mn in funding across 53 deals in the past week.
- 🗓️The IPO Show In 2022! We continued our look at the major trends of 2021 in the December editions of The Outline. This week’s focus was on the year of IPOs and what it means for 2022
- ♟️Amazon’s Gambit? Amazon India head Amit Agarwal sought exemption from appearing before the ED in relation to the probe about the investment in Future Coupons
- 🍖Meat’s The Demand! Banking on technology, the ingenuity of startups and the pandemic-induced ecommerce growth spurt, India’s meat industry is expanding rapidly and going digital. Here’s a look
- 🪴Paytm Payments Bank Grows Up! As a scheduled bank, now it can participate in official government financial schemes and offer more services.
- 🪙The Truth About The Crypto Bill: We filtered the facts from the speculation to clear the air on the upcoming crypto bill and take an unbiased look at the pros and cons.
That’s all for this Sunday. See you again next week.